考研帮 > 英语 > 复习经验

澳门正规赌博网站大全

  摘要:英语作文在考研里占了30分,分值和数学里的三个大题分数相当,相比之下我们需要两个月就能取得不错的收益,实在是太赚了,不过,很多同学没法拿到高分,这是因为没掌握高分英语作文的规律和技巧。除此之外还要追求变化,模板不是死记硬背的。

  ►作文类型以及评分标准

  该部分由A、B两节组成,考查考生的书面表达力。总分25分。A节题型有两种,每次考试选择其中的一种形式。

  一、备选题型包括:

  1) 考生根据所给情景写出约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等。

  2) 要求考生根据所提供的汉语文章,用英语写出一篇80~100词的该文摘要。考生在答题卡2上作答。共10分。

  B节要求考生根据所规定的情景或给出的提纲,写出一篇150词以上的英语说明文或议论文。提供情景的形式为图画、图标或文字。考生在答题卡2上作答。共15分。

  1. 虽然A、B两节的考查要点有所不同,但对考生写作能力的基本要求是相同的,所以一般评分标准对两节都适用。但根据两节不同的考查要点,评分时会有不同的侧重点。分为三类,小伙伴们认真看。

  第一档:

  小作文8-10’;大作文13-20‘

  1.包含所有内容要点,内容与形式统一,与主题相扣。

  2.运用丰富的语法和词汇。

  3.语言流程,语法错误极少。

  4.有效的采用多种衔接方法,文字连贯,层次清晰。

  第二档:

  小作文5-6‘;大作文9-12’

  1.虽然漏掉一些内容,但包含多数内容要点。

  2.应用的语法和词汇能够满足任务需求。

  3.有一些语法和词汇错误,但不影响理解采用简单的衔接手法,内容连贯清晰。

  第三档:

  小作文3-4‘,大作文5-8’

  1.漏掉或未能有效阐述一些内容和要点,写了一些无关内容。

  2.语法结构简单词汇有限。

  3.有较多语法结构及词汇方面错误,影响对内容的理解。

  4.未采用恰当的衔接手法,缺乏连贯性。

  这是推荐你反复认真琢磨的一部分,最好对照着自己平时的作文看一看,哪些地方满足了,哪些地方还不够。

  ►十句作文法

  十句作文法,意思是写英语作文,十句话就够了。这十句,自有其排布的规律。本篇主讲议论文,别的文体有机会我们再聊。 真正的英语高分选手,是能把英语议论文作文答成填空题的,怎么说呢?

  1、什么是十句作文法?

  文分三段。

  第一段记叙,对给你的图文/图标进行描述,需要2句话。

  第二段议论,是一句总起句,加三句论点,每一句论点后面加一句论据。

  第三段升华,大约是1-2句的篇幅。把文章提升至世界/社会/国家,或者个人成长的层面。

  如此,共十句。

  2、阅卷老师阅卷时会看哪些东西呢?

  他们会看:你文章的开头与结尾,然后是第二段的第一句话,你文章中用到的一些逻辑连接词。最后大略地看看字数、拼写、语法等细节,打分。

  当你有了这么一个详细大纲,就可以继续往下写。

  3、怎么写?举例说明

  答,套用万能句式+套用逻辑词+填空。

  ♦举个例子:

  假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李津。一批来自英国的高中生与你校学生开展了为期两周的交流活动。现在,他们即将回国,你将在欢送会上致辞。请根据以下提示写一篇发言稿。

  第一步,搭建框架:

  ( 1) 回顾双方的交流活动(如学习、生活、体育、文艺等方面);

  ( 2) 谈谈收获或感情;

  ( 3) 表达祝愿语期望。

  这就是篇典型的记叙+议论+升华地文章,题目里都点明白了,甚至不需要我们自己思考每段要写什么。

  第二步,套万能句:

  During the past two weeks, we had an unforgettable

  communication with friends from England, which would last long in our mind. ……

  第一段记叙概括事件。这个句子,就非常地通用。但凡是回忆性文章,几乎都可以这么写。

  During the past …we had an unforgettable  communication with ……, which would last long in our mind. ……

  句式高端而优雅,属于能镇场子得分的那种。

  This activity plays an important educational role in our daily life. For one thing…For another… Furthermore… In short, we have broaden our horizon and known more about the culture of different area.

  第二段,写议论。和上面一样,又是一些能通用的句子。而用到的“for another…furthermore…in short”也是你可以拿去用的东西。

  除此,还可以用“besides”,”and also”也都很不错。比我们常见到的at first, then , finally之类要来得好。

  It is universally acknowledged that… I wish…

  第三段,升华。又是一个万能句。众所周知如何如何,我希望如何如何。

  至此,文章的框架就已经出来了。只剩下我们先前说的“填空”。把题目里要求的东西塞进去,这文章就成了。

  篇幅有,逻辑有,语法有,升华有。这文章不拿20+,什么文章拿20+。

  ♦完整应用例子:

  我们写篇关于电视机的稿子吧,议论下这个东西的好坏。

  怎么写呢?

  第一段写记叙,写本文的背景。用两句话。

  Television presents a vivid world in front of us. (1)Through TV, we can learn what is happening half way across the world.(2)

  第二段,写议论。一句总起句,加五个短句,一个总结句。注意其中的逻辑词。

  总一句:Television also plays an important educational role in our daily life. (3)

  分五句:For one thing, the TV university provides an opportunity for many young men who can not go to formal universities. (4) For another, children can broaden their scope of knowledge by watching such popular programs as "The Animal World", and "The Mickey Mouse and Duck Donald". (5)Besides, women can learn about the latest fashion of dresses and the best recipe for making fruit cakes. (6) Furthermore, we learn many world advanced technologies from TV programs such as computer and telecommunication. (7)

  总一句: And also we can learn singing, dancing and doing physical exercises in some special TV training courses.(8) In short, the effect of TV's educational role is becoming more and more obvious. (9)

  第三段,写升华。用一句话搞定。

  Having viewed these several aspects, and with many more TV program being produced,I believe that our life will become even more significant. (10)

  ►追求变化性

  一、注意段首句式的变化

  图画作文的段首句往往是"如图所示"或"从图画中可以看出"之类,下面为经常采用的一些句型:

  As is shown in the picture, 和As can be seen from the picture,是经常能看到的首句话,但是模板迹象过于明显,所以应该稍加升级,比如添加一些结构和修饰语:

  It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that…

  当然还可以添加一些引出话题的句子:

  No one can skip the issue of…(图画表现出来的意图)。Just as what is illustrated in the above drawing,…

  二、适当用被动替换主动

  这样能更客观地反映事实。

  句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attent

  ion should be paid to. ) 举个经典结尾的例子:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

  三、一句话用不同的句式来表达

  为了加强同学们对语法知识在写作中的灵活应用,下面给出一句话的14种句式及语言

  调整的效果,内容上没有太大差异,但是请同学们仔细辨别每句话所侧重的句式:

  1.使用表语从句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

  2.使用介词短语

  In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of "a sale of dead bodies" on a billboard。

  3.使用疑问句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

  4.使用原因状语从句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", they are shocked at the message。

  5.使用结果状语从句

  The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" so that they are shocked at the message。

  6.使用时间状语从句

  In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about "a sale of the dead bodies", they are being deeply shocked。

  7.使用分词短语

  In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies" advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

  8.使用主动语态

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

  9.使用There be 结构

  In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" and shocking the two people reading it。

  10.使用倒装句

  On a billboard is an announcement advertising a "sale of the dead bodies". The two people reading it are being shocked。

  11.使用定语从句

  In the picture, the announcement on a billboard which advertises a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

  12.强调句

  In the picture, it is the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" that shocks the two people reading it。

  13.虚拟语气

  In the picture, were it not for the announcement on the billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", the two people would not be so shocked。

  14. 尽量复杂作文中的句式

  It is of considerable interest to observe in this bizarre caricature that a couple of citizens, reading an announcement issued on the billboard, are taken aback as a result of the astounding message which informs people of a "sale of dead bodies"。

  句中使用的词组包括:be of considerable interest, a couple of, taken aback, as a result of, inform sb. of

  长句采用的特殊语法包括:宾语从句+分词结构做插入语+分词作后置定语(issued)+被动语态+原因短语+定语从句。

  ►高分万能句子

  当然,帮帮还会告诉你们一些必备的万能句子,希望能为你们所用。

 

       一、提出问题

  1、Recently, the problem of … has aroused people's concern.最近,……问题已引起人们的关注.

  2、The Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 互联网已在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色.它给我们带来了许多好处,但也产生了一些严重的问题.

  3、 Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face. 如今,(人口过剩)已成为我们不得不面对的问题了.

  二、引出不同观点

  1、People's views on … vary from person to person. Some hold that …. However, others believe that….人们对……的观点因人而异.有些人认为……,然而其他人却认为……

  2、Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异.

  3、There are different opinions among people as to …关于……,人们的观点大不相同.

  4、Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。

  三、文章结尾

  1、All in all, we cannot live without … But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 总之,我们没有…是无法生活的.但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题.

  四、表示提出意见

  1、It is high time that we put an end to the (trend).该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了.

  2、There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of … 毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够的重视.

  五、预示后果

  1、Obviously, if we don't control the problem, the chances are that … will lead us in danger. 很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险. 该是采纳……的建议,并对……的进展给予特殊重视的时候了。

  2、It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 很紧迫的是,应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展.

  六、列出解决办法

  1、The best way to solve the troubles is … 解决这些麻烦的最好办法是……

  2、People have figured out many ways to solve this problem. 人们已找出许多办法来解决这个问题.

  帮帮有话说:总结了这么多,还是得靠大家用心记,勤动手,多思考总结。不论如何祝大家作文都拿高分!

  (实习小编:咕咚)

关于"最后阶段,真题的正确打开方式_备考经验_考研帮"15名研友在考研帮APP发表了观点

扫我下载考研帮

× 关闭